The Gifts of the Holy Spirit
The gifts of the Holy Spirit complete the powers of our soul as they sanctified Christ. “The Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him: a spirit of wisdom and understanding, a spirit of counsel and of strength, a spirit of knowledge and of fear of the Lord” (Is. 11:2-3). Entering our soul through grace, the Holy Spirit penetrates all its faculties and elevates the natural virtues with His supernatural gifts. Thus from the natural virtue of intelligence, we have the gift of understanding; from wisdom, wisdom; from knowledge, knowledge; from prudence, counsel; from justice, piety; from strength, fortitude; from temperance, the holy fear of the Lord.
The gifts of the Holy Spirit are habits which perfect us so that we can follow promptly the action of the Holy Spirit. In penetrating the soul, the Holy Spirit bestows on it every good, because “He is a spirit intelligent, holy, unique, manifold, subtle, agile, clear, unstained, certain. Not baneful, loving the good, keen, unhampered, beneficent, kindly firm, secure tranquil, all-powerful, all-seeing, and pervading all spirits, though they be intelligent, pure, and very subtle” (Wis. 7:22-23).